WIRE ROPE SLING & ASSEMBLY
ASC is not alone in manufacturing wire rope slings, but we make the products that assure you and your employees that all go home safely each and every day. Quality control is more than just inspection. ASC’s staff oversees every aspect and step that goes into our products not just final inspection. We begin our quality control process with the selection of the best materials, and we are only satisfied when the slings are taken out of service after serving your organization safely for many years. We take pride in our manufacturing certifications and our high work standards.
NOMINAL SLING STRENGTH is based upon the nominal (catalog) rope strength of the wire rope used in the sling and other factors which affect the overall strength of the sling. These other factors include splicing efficiency, number of parts of rope in the sling, type of hitch (e.g., straight pull, choker hitch, basket hitch, etc.), diameter around which the body of the sling is bent (D/d) and the diameter of pin used in the eye of the sling.
SLING ANGLE is the angle measured between a horizontal line and the sling leg or body. This angle is very important and can have a dramatic effect on the rated capacity of the sling. As illustrated (Figure 2),when this angle decreases, the load on each leg increases. This principle applies whether one sling is used to pull at an angle, in a basket hitch or for multi-legged bridle slings. Sling angles of less than 30 degrees are not recommended.
CHOKER HITCH configurations affect the rated capacity of a sling. This is because the sling leg or body is passed around the load, through one end attachment or eye and is suspended by the other end attachment or eye. The contact of the sling body with the end attachment or eye causes a loss of sling strength at this point. If a load is hanging free, the normal choke angle is approximately 135 degrees. When the angle is less than 135 degrees an adjustment in the sling rated capacity must be made. Extreme care should be taken to determine the angle of choke as accurately as possible.
NOMINAL SPLICE EFFICIENCY is the efficiency of the sling splice. Any time wire rope is disturbed such as in splicing an eye, the strength of the rope is reduced. This reduction must be taken into account when determining the nominal sling strength and in calculating the rated capacity. Each type of splice has a different efficiency, thus the difference in rated capacities for different types of slings. Nominal splice efficiencies have been established after many hundreds of tests over years of testing.
RATED CAPACITY is the maximum static load a sling is designed to lift. The tables give rated capacities in tons of 2000 pounds. Rated capacities contained in all the tables were calculated by computer. Each value was calculated starting with the nominal component rope strength and working up from there. Due to computer rounding of numeric values, rated capacity values for 2, 3 or 4 leg slings may not be even multiples of single leg values and may differ by a small amount. This represents the state-of-the-art technology and tables found in other publications which differ by this small amount should not be construed to be in error. The difference is generally no more than one unit for any sling diameter.